(C)Copyright 2017, C. Burke.
I'd rate Dorothy Hamill higher: her hair was short and SASsy.
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I'd rate Dorothy Hamill higher: her hair was short and SASsy.
Come back often for more funny math and geeky comics.
9. Gabriel performed an experiment to see if planting 13 tomato plants in black plastic mulch leads to larger tomatoes than if 13 plants are planted without mulch. He observed that the average weight of the tomatoes from tomato plants grown in black plastic mulch was 5 ounces greater than those from the plants planted without mulch. To determine if the observed difference is statistically significant, he rerandomized the tomato groups 100 times to study these random differences in the mean weights. The output of his simulation is summarized in the dotplot below.
Given these results, what is an appropriate inference that can be drawn?(2) There was an effect observed that could be due to the random assignment of plants to the groups.
10. If p(x) = ab^{x} and r(x) = cd^{x}, then p(x) • r(x) equals
(3) ac(bd)^{x}
p(x) • r(x) = ab^{x} • cd^{x} = ac • b^{x} • d^{x} = ac • (bd)^{x}
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9. The diagram shows rectangle ABCD, with diagonal BD
. What is the perimeter of rectangle ABCD, to the nearest tenth?(2) 32.8.
You could use sin and cos to find the length and the width of the rectangle.
However, the diagonal creates a 30-60-90 right triangle, which has special properties. The side opposite the 30^{o} angle is half the length of the hypotenuse (the diagonal of the rectangle). The side opposite the 60^{o} angle is equal to the shorter side times radical 3, or (3)^(.5).
So the perimeter is 6 + 6 + 6(3)^(.5) + 6(3)^(.5) = 32.7846097, which rounds to 32.8.
10. Identify which sequence of transformations could map pentagon ABCDE onto pentagon A"B"C"D"E", as shown below.
(3) line reflection followed by a translation
Notice the position of B" and D". They indicate that one reflection took place, not a rotation. Likewise, had two reflections taken place, then B" and D" would be in different places.
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7. The expression
is equivalent to(2) (see below)
You may do some of these steps in a different order. You might combine several of them.
I'm breaking it down as much as I can so more people can follow along.
Here is my process:
8. What is the inverse of the function y = log _{3} x?
(3) y = 3^{x}
Logs are the inverse of exponential functions.
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7. The diagram below shows two similar triangles.
If tan(2) 5.6.
tan O = 3/7, and tan O = 2.4/x, so 3/7 = 2.4/x.
3x = (7)(2.4) = 16.8
x = 5.6
8. A farmer has 64 feet of fence to enclose a rectangular vegetable garden. Which dimensions would result in the biggest area for this garden?
(1) the length and the width are equal
A dilation increased the size, so it will no longer be congruent.
For all rectangles with the same perimeter, a square will always have the greatest area.
Consider this:
A square with sides equal to x, will have a perimeter of 4x and area of x^{2}.
A rectangle with sides equal to (x+1) and (x-1), will have a perimeter of 4x and area of x^{2} - 1.
A rectangle with sides equal to (x+2) and (x-2), will have a perimeter of 4x and area of x^{2} - 4.
A rectangle with sides equal to (x+3) and (x-3), will have a perimeter of 4x and area of x^{2} - 9.
etc.
The area will always be some perfect subtracted from x^{2}, which will always be less than x^{2}.
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5. What is the solution to the system of equations y = 3x - 2 and y = g(x) where g(x) is defined by the function below?
(4) {(1,1),(6,16)}
First of all, this is an odd question. Three of the answers make no sense at all. It is plain to see that neither (0, -2) nor (1, 6) are points on g(x), the parabola shown.
Second, it is quite plain that (1, 1) is on that line, and that (1) = 3(1) - 2, so it fits the other equation in the system as well. The choice is (4).
Just to be thorough, how do we know that (6, 16) is a solution to g(x)?
You can see that g(x) has points (0, 4), (1, 1) and (2, 0), which is the vertex. This makes (3, 1) and (5, 4) points by reflection over the line of symmetry, if you couldn't tell from the graph. The parent function is x^{2} and it has been shifted two spaces to the right.
This means that g(x) = (x - 2)^{2}.
Then g(6) = (6 - 2)^{2} = 16 and (16) = 3(6) - 2.
6. Which statement about statistical analysis is false?
(3) Observational studies can determine cause and effect relationships.
Experiments do that, not observational studies.
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5. In the diagram below, if triangle ABE = triangle and AEFC is drawn, then it could be proven that quadrilateral ABCD is a
(4) Parallelogram.
First: common sense. If the figure could be proved to be a rectangle or a rhombus, it would have to be a parallelogram as well. You can't have multiple answers. If it were a square, then all four would be true.
Second: figures are not necessarily drawn to scale (even if they don't tell you), so you shouldn't assume that it isn't a square based solely on the picture. Looking at an image isn't proof.
If the triangles are congruent, then by CPCTC (Corresponding parts of congruent triangles are congruent) we know that AB = CD. We also know, for the same reason, that angle BAE = DCF. Those two angles are alternate interior angles along the transversal. That makes AB || CD.
If two sides of a quadrilateral are both parallel and congruent, the shape is a parallelogram.
We do not have any additional information to prove (nor assume!) that the shape is a rhombus.
6. Under which transformation would triangle A'B'C', the image of triangle ABC, not be congruent to ABC?
(4) dilation with a scale factor of 2 centered at the origin.
A dilation increased the size, so it will no longer be congruent.
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To be fair, 3/5ths of the pentagon feels ''right''.
On the other hand, I won't share this with my class because they'll understand the Geometry portion (I hope), but not the doctor on TV part. I'm not explaining it.
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He's definitely lower than 3, but he's still more than 2.
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3. When factored completely, m^{5} + m^{3} - 6^{m} is equivalent to
(4) m(m^{2} + 3)(m^{2} - 2)
Start with: m^{5} + m^{3} - 6^{m}
Each term has m, factor it: (m)(m^{4} + m^{2} - 6)
Factor into two binomials: What are two factors of -6 that add up to +1: +3 and -2
So it factors into m(m^{2} + 3)(m^{2} - 2).
4. If sin^{2}(32°) + cos^{2}(M) = 1, then M equals
(1) 32°.
The rule is: sin^{2}x + cos^{2}x = 1.
In this case x = 32°, so M must be 32° as well.
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3. Given triangle ABC = triangle DEF, which statement is not always true?(
(1) BC = DF.
BC and DF are not corresponding sides. BC corresponds to EF and DF corresponds to AC. They would only be congruent if the triangles were isosceles or equilateral. We don't know whether they are or not.
4. In the diagram below, DE, DF and EF are midsegments of triangle ABC.
(4) AB + AC.
FE = DB and DE = FC. So AD + DE + EF + FA = AD + FC + DB + FA.
Rearrange the terms: AD + DB + AF + FC = AB + AC.
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1. Relative to the graph of y = 3sin x, what is the shift of the graph of y = 3sin(x + Ï€/3)?
(2) Ï€/3 left.
When the value within the parentheses is added to x, the graph shifts to the left. When the value within the parentheses is subtracted from x, the graph shifts to the right.
To move up or down, the addition or subtraction would have to take place outside the parantheses.
2. A rabbit population doubles every 4 weeks. There are currently five rabbits in a restricted area. If t represents the time, in weeks, and P(t) is the population of rabbits with respect to time, about how many rabbits will there be in 98 days?
(1) 56.
The starting value is 5. The base is 2. The exponent is 98 days / 4 weeks, which is 98 / 28 after converting weeks to days.
That gives a value of approximately 56.5685424949..., which is approximately 56.
(Yes, that would round up to 57, but that is not one of the choices, leaving 56 as the closest.)
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